Water, the harbinger of life on earth, remains one of the most precious and most fought for the resource on earth. Ever since time immemorial, civilizations have fought wars against each other, trying to establish definitive control over this precious resource. Even right now, countless countries are stuck in water disputes or disputes over water sharing arrangements, since rivers cross through different countries in the journey to the ocean.

Ever since childhood, people keep learning that water is a scarce resource, with only 2.5% of it portable and just 1% accessible, yet it remains something that has been ignored. Water depletion and pollution remain forgotten chapters in our textbooks, while disaster keeps coming closer every single moment. Water scarcity is a reality for many millions of people across the globe, but since most of them are in Africa, a continent and people conveniently forgotten by many, most of us haven’t cared enough.  

Are our Rights to free potable water being violated?

Water is the well of life. Have you ever wondered what happens when that well runs dry?

When you deprive the body of water, your saliva starts to become thick and lumps seem to form in your throat the tongue becomes so large that it squeezes the jaws, the throat becomes so swollen that breathing becomes difficult, creating a terrifying sense of drowning ,many people begin to hallucinate, the eyelids crack and their eyeball starts weeping blood tears, the skin becomes leathery and turns a purplish-grey, the body continues to shrink due to the lack of  hydration and your world slowly turns dark .

Our political and social standing is so important that we forget the most important thing to survive is water. The environment is screeching and screaming warning us about the unseen water war. Whatever wons environmental, political and religious opinion or whatever wons whether sex, race or economic standing, whoever goes without a week without cries blood.

Billions of people do not have access to fresh water. But the question is Why a set of the human race does not have access to something like water which always been under the impression of “FREE” or “something which anyone can access without any charges/payment on it. From past years something which is universal is also used for making profits. People who have the ability to afford it can access it rest people are bleeding for it.

Cochabamba, a place in Bolivia is bleeding water and blood as the government has been forced for the privatization of water and its distribution. The increased prices of water touching sky are no longer affordable for the residents. The privatization is paving its way to decentralization of water and places like  Syria, Turkey, Iraq are already facing the consequences.

A report says that after the Gulf War US degraded water supply of Israel. Does a step like this indicates that the developed countries are actually trying to sabotage developing countries by water supremacy?

As per the reports of 2015 more than 8.4 million people die every year due to lack of water or water sanitation related issues.

The Trojan War? Move aside, now water is more important than getting the queen back.

Disputes over water resources date back more than eight decades. Bilaterally and trilaterally, Syria, Turkey, and Iraq states have tried to regulate water resources and resolve disputes. In 1946, for example, Iraq and Turkey signed a Treaty of Friendship and Neighborly Relations, which addressed Euphrates and Tigris water sharing. Such ascensions functioned as long as the two nations stayed undeveloped, yet pressure expanded nearby industrialization. Adding Syria to the blend just additionally confused inquiries over downstream rights. In 1962 Syria and Iraq agreed to exchange information on water discharge and river levels, and Iraq demands that it should receive a fixed share of Euphrates water. After multiple rounds of negotiations over the next four years, the two countries agreed Iraq should receive 59 per cent of Euphrates flow.

One of the biggest dispute in independent India has been the Kaveri water dispute that has Plagued the state of Karnataka, Tamilnadu, AP, and Pondicherry since decades. The issue has led to riots and inflamed passions across those states against each other the crisis has been so deep that even the Supreme Court of India has not been able to diffuse this situation and state have gladly ignored the  constitutional authority of the Supreme Court and have gone ahead with not taking heed to decisions which have not served their interests. Bengaluru is going to be the next city in the world which will dry soon if proper measures are not taken on time. And do we really bother?

Water management has always been very important to human beings, the ancient societies understood the importance and they developed their own methods to manage water. The sustainability of water was one of the reasons for constituting civilizations. But now this recent era is disturbing the civilized livelihood as we are more focused on the economic and political standings than the basic necessities of life. There have been many instances in history which manifests the water war is just not a concept but a real unseen threat.

Also, the question remains the same. something which is universal something which is basic for the living. Is that a human right or just like any other commodity it is only for those who can afford it?

Is water falling in control of privately held corporations?

So often, we take water for granted. We turn on the faucet and there it is. We assume it’s our right to have water. And yet, water is a resource. It’s not always where we need it, or there when we need it. Rivers don’t follow political boundaries — they flow through states and over worldwide outskirts. Also, there are unlimited requests for water: for agribusiness, drinking, plumbing, producing, to give some examples. And afterwards, there’s the biological system that relies upon water getting downstream. So what are our lawful rights with regards to water? What’s more, who chooses?

Water corporations, as Veolia or Suez, are looking to benefit off of overseeing nearby frameworks that give our drinking water and sewer administrations. Wall Street investors are working with these organizations to exploit destitute neighbourhood governments and allure them into auctioning or renting off their water resources.

As tensions mount and issue become more grave, corporations, especially the ones trading on The Street are taking advantage of weak governments and seizing controls over important parts of water conversations. This surely is going to be a formula for a debacle in the future. The world needs to realize that the driver at the wheel is falling asleep, and urgent steps need to be taken to correct the situation.

The current water scenario: Is potable water still as accessible as it has been all these years?

In 41 countries, a fifth of people drinks water from a source that is not protected from contamination. Perils await as freshwater systems decline in quantity and quality due to heavy extraction and a rising rate of contaminants. This affects the whole ecosystem. This influences the entire biological community. The populaces of freshwater species has declined at an exponential rate and polluted water has caused an invasion of contaminants in our evolved way of life. A requirement for practices to change in with respect to freshwater has emerged.

Just 3% of the world’s water frameworks comprises of freshwater. Alarmingly, just 1% of this crisp water is renewed unevenly over the world by the hydrological cycle and this issue of tainting isn’t reduced with endless new water sources. Crisp water requests have made people remove intensely from freshwater environments and groundwater aquifers. As indicated by The Nature Conservancy’s Water Share Report, “water exhaustion is prompting the debasement of whole biological systems that give fundamentally vital administrations to our social orders and economies” Water shortage influences the lives of over portion of the total populace. “In excess of 200 waterway bowls, home to about 2.67 billion individuals, as of now encounter serious water shortage for no less than one month consistently (World Wide Fund for Nature,2014). Freshwater sources have been pushed as far as possible.

Water is the most important commodity in many of the villages in India. Villages (Keshav Nagar) in Rajasthan are supplied with water once a week by a tanker. Lives are dependent on these tankers. Residents collect 8 litres of water for 7 days for the whole family. There is no water source in and around the village so they have to pay for it in order to live. The average earning is Rs.200 per day where the tanker costs them Rs.900. They cannot afford to pay more and get the minimum amount of water to satisfy their necessities. People living in the villages have developed and adopt methods to collect and store rainwater in specially created pools until the next monsoon but the monsoon has been late for the last two years. The villagers keep waiting for months for the monsoon to start and for the free water to start falling from the sky. India is suffering through devastating water crisis which the world is going to see in next 15 years

Incredible India : The Water Wives

A man ( Sakaram baga) village, Rajasthan, married three women for settling the water crisis of his family. His first wife was spending far too much time to get water and didn’t had any energy left to take care of the kids so he decided to take a second wife. He thought his first wife can take care of children and keep house and the second would be free to fetch water. But his second wife was a sickly woman unfit for the water duty so his plan failed and this is how the third wife came into the picture. Every morning the wives go to fetch water which is lancy business because of a queue so its best to show up as early as possible to get the best outcome as the water levels are going down every single day as the summer arrives.

Conclusion:

The battle over water is surely not another wonder. Wide-scale water privatization started in the 1990s and was regularly stipulated as a condition for help from international financial aid institutions, primarily the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank. From that point forward, there has been progressing struggle over water administration, with Latin America at the centre of a large number of the models for opposition and rebuilding. These water-related clashes, prevalent alluded to as “water wars,” increased worldwide consideration 10 years prior. 

Privatization suggests rearrangement and administration from a source other than the general population part and can include a range of private occupation. Commercialization involves the presentation of administration establishments, for example, free market rivalry (though reproduced, for this situation) into the procedure. Be that as it may, privatization and commercialization are much of the time simultaneous procedures, similar to the case in Cochabamba.

The essential legitimization is that the government of these countries have beforehand neglected to provide an adequate amount of water, either in light of ineptitude or corruption. Associations like the World Bank, which often fund ventures, fanatically trust that the open market is more productive at asset administration than the state in light of the fact that the legislature is “overextended.” Furthermore, they imagine that the opposition in private division advancement will prompt higher quality and lower cost administrations. Another common rationale is that making water into a commercial good – subsequently allocating the financial incentive to water – makes customers more averse to squander it. As indicated by this contention, the commercialization of water would keep its abuse.

These suspicions, be that as it may, are tricky. The proposition that opposition is an intrinsic component of privatization is misinformed. Indeed, the corporate imposing business model on the water in parts of the world is the reason that costs have been high and quality has been low. It could be more of keen penetration to address the worry about squandering water through an extensive instructive program that envelops both crucial medical problems with respect to drinking water and sanitation and data about the significance and in addition favoured techniques for water preservation. Another conceivable arrangement is through government control, which could be more viable on the off chance if it were done transparently and involved community participation. The state could potentially utilize subsidies, a water tax or a credit to promote the sustainable use of water. The issue with the mindset behind privatization is that while it considers water a human need, it is not deemed a human right, which essentially denies the universal right to life.

To guarantee correspondence, water must be viewed as a human right and not only a need, benefit or product. Nonetheless, the issue requires a more extensive vision that goes past essentially an assessment of the disappointments of privatization and incorporates a thought of choices. The community-based programs that have included village-based education have been very successful in making water available to the communities they serve. While this is a valuable model, it has limitations when applied in bigger cities. Even though there have been problems with government management in the past, advocates of public access insist that privatization is not the answer. A water management system that includes public and community cooperation has great potential when combined with a more comprehensive educational program and increased transparency. A water administration framework that incorporates open and network collaboration has incredible potential when joined with a more thorough instructive program and expanded straightforwardness. However, the focus must shift to include not only alternative models but also preventative planning. As the world population increases and water sources grow more scarce, the World Bank expects that by 2025, more than two-thirds of humanity will not have a reliable source of potable water, and adequate sanitation will probably become even less common. Our food habits are changing, the population is more inclined towards different types of meat and carbohydrates which require more water to process digestion. It will also impact the percentage of water required by every individual. Researchers report that the scarcity of water will escalate by 3 times the projection of now due to following factors.

Countries like US, China, Japan, Indonesia have developed different harvesting methods for the centralized Water management.  The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change predicts that the figure of those without water would incorporate somewhere close to 7 million and 77 million individuals. The developing reinforcement encircling water rights must handle these forecasts by tending to the less prompt, yet similarly vital worries of rebuilding farming and water system, limiting contamination and attempting to ensure nature before giving this fundamental asset turn into an issue of genuine shortage as opposed to blunder, as now is the situation.

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